Presentation of participants

Yennué Zárate Valderrama is a research fellow at UAM Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana – Xochimilco (Metropolitan Autonomous University), Mexico City. She is researching on violence, gender and journalists in Mexico. Yennué holds a doctoral degree in Journalism & Mass Communication from Communication & Media Research Institute, University of Westminster, and MA Sociology, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. She is a former human right’s journalist, she directed the press department in Amnesty International (Mexico) and Latin American team in Article 19 (London).

Lubna Zaheer, PhD in Communication Studies,isAssistant Professor atInstitute of Communication Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. In addition to academic career, she worksas freelance media practitioner, consultant and trainer. Political Communication, Women empowerment, humanrights, freedom of expression and democracyare subjectsof her journalistic and academic interests.




Peter Tiako Ngangum is a member of the Centre de Recherche en Information et Communication (ReSIC) of the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB). He holds a PhD in Information and Communication Sciences from the ULB, an MA in Mass Communication from the University of Leicester, an MSc in Environmental Sciences from the University of Greenwich, London and a BA in English from the University of Yaoundé, Cameroon. His areas of expertise include media law and regulation, media ethics, professionalism, journalism, journalistic role perception and performance, media and counterterrorism laws, press freedom and freedom of expression



Philip Di Salvo is a post-doctoral researcher based at Università della Svizzera italiana (USI)’s Insitute of Media and Journalism. Here, Philip does research about whistleblowing, investigative journalism, Internet surveillance and the relationship between journalism and hacking. At USI, he teaches journalism both at the Master and Bachelor levels. Philip received his PhD in Communication Sciences from USI with a dissertation about the adoption of encrypted whistleblowing platforms in journalism in summer 2018. Since 2018, Philip is also a lecturer at NABA – New Academy of Fine Arts in Milan, Italy. As a freelance journalists, he writes for Wired, Motherboard/Vice, Esquire and other publications covering the social impacts of technology. At USI, Philip also works as the European Journalism Observatory (EJO) Italian editor.

Rodrigo Véliz Estrada, doctorado en Historia en Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social (CIESAS), septiembre 2016 – agosto 2020, Titular de la Cátedra J. Joaquín Pardo de la Faculta de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad del Valle de Guatemala.




José Luis Benítez is a communication and media researcher and consultant based in Uganda. He has been professor at the Department of Communications and Culture at Central American University in El Salvador. He was Technical Director at Internews for the Promoting Journalism and Freedom of Expression Project in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. He has several publications on communication, ICT and migrations, journalism and freedom of expression, media policies and democracy. He holds a PhD in Mass Communication and Master´s degree in Communication and Development from Ohio University.


Murat Akser is a Lecturer and Course Director in Cinematic Arts in the School of Arts and Humanities, Ulster University. Previously he served as a Professor of Cinema and Media Studies, the Chair of the New Media Department, and the Founding Director of the Cinema and Television MA program at Kadir Has University Istanbul, Turkey. He received his MA degree in Cinema and Media Studies and his PhD in Communication and Culture from York University, Canada. Murat’s research focuses on political economy of Turkish media and comparative analysis of freedom of press. His most recent book from Rowman and Littlefield is titled: Alternative Media in Contemporary Turkey: Sustainability, Activism, and Resistance.

Olunifesi Adekunle SURAJ is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Mass Communication, University of Lagos, Nigeria. Heis a member of the UNESCO MILID University Network. He isthe National Coordinator for UNESCO University Twinning Programme (UNITWIN) in Nigeria, a member of UNESCO International Organizing Committee on Global MIL Week Conference and a key member of UNESCO GAPMIL Pan African Chapter. He also is the UNESCO National Coordinator for Media and Information Literacy’s Curriculum intervention in Nigerian Universities



Ilmari Hiltunen (M.Soc.Sci) is a researcher and a doctoral candidate of journalism in the Faculty of Communication Sciences of University of Tampere, Finland. His PhD research project focuses on external interference experienced by Finnish journalists. He has previously studied populist counter-media websites and fake news in the Finnish media sphere.





Samiksha Koirala, is Lecturer at the College of Journalism and Mass Communication in Kathmandu, Nepal. Koirala is a former journalist and recently completed her PhD from the University of Oslo. Her research interest includes gender, journalism in conflict and post-conflict societies and new media.




Michelle Betz is a senior media development consultant with 15 years of experience in assessment, project design, implementation, management and evaluation. Her areas of expertise include media in conflict and post-conflict, military-media relations, safety issues and rapid response interventions and she has a particular interest in the use of media in conflict prevention and resolution. Betz is also an active researcher and has authored numerous book chapters and papers including a recent background paper on media and conflict prevention for the UN-World Bank study, Pathways for Peace.


Aytekin Kaan Kurtul is a junior researcher, PhD student and lecturer in the field of law at Middlesex University, London. Born and raised in Turkey, he obtained his bachelor’s degree and master’s degree at LUISS Guido Carli University in Rome, Italy. His main research interest is freedom of political expression and his articles on public comparative law, public international law and international politics have been published in Turkish, Italian and English. He is currently working on his doctoral thesis on the crime of lèse-majesté under the supervision of Prof. Laurent Pech and Dr. David Keane.

Janina Islam Abir, Lecturer, Department of Media and Communication, School of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, Independent University, Bangladesh. Janina Islam Abir is the Lecturer of Media and Communication at Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB).  She is the co-author of book chapter titled ` Press Freedom Dynamics in Bangladesh’ in book` Negotiating Journalism: Core Values and Cultural Diversities’ (Nordicom, Sweden: 2017). She has published research articles on press freedom, Media representation and Gender Identity in journals. She is also the co-author of `Gender based violence reporting guidelines for Bangladesh’.

Banafesh Ranji, Banafsheh is a research fellow at the department of media and communication with a specialization in political communication and journalism. She has worked on journalism in Iran. The project documents Iranian journalistic practices and explains practices through Bourdieu’s sociological framework. Her research interests include journalism studies in more restrictive media settings, journalistic resistance, alternative channels of communication such as social media and mobile messaging applications



Banu Baybars-Hawks, Banu Baybars-Hawks is a Professor of Communications and Chair of the Public Relations Department in the Faculty of Communications at Kadir Has University, Turkey, having received her PhD from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA, in 2002. Her research interests include media studies, media law, the political economy of media, and terrorism. She has published work in numerous journals, such as the International Journal of the Humanities, Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication, International Journal of Civic, Political, and Community Studies, and Journal on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics. She is also the author of Freedoms Razored Edge: Terrorism and Media Controls in the United States and Turkey (2010), and has edited a number of volumes, including Crisis, Compromise, and Elite Discourse in the Age of War on Terror (2011); New Challenges, New Opportunities: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Reputation Management (2013); Corporate Reputation: In Theory and Practice (2014); New Media Politics: Rethinking Activism and National Security in Cyberspace (2015); and Framing Violence: Conflicting Images, Identities, and Discourses (2016).

Maria Konow Lund, has published for numerous academic media outlets. Her research interests mainly focus upon: journalism innovation, media entrepreneurship, journalism practice, journalism and social media, journalism during terror and crises, investigative journalism including transnational collaboration, feature journalism and emotions, subjectivity and journalistic practice, local and national collaboration within journalism, and supervision of Master students. Her recent research is featured in academic outlets such as Digital Journalism, Journalism Practice, Nordicom and Routledge Companion to Media and Humanitarian Action (2017). In addition to this, Maria has extensive experience as a journalist from broadcasting both as a journalist and producer. She has won several awards for her journalism, as well as writing four books for children. At present her research focus is on investigative journalism and changing technology, innovation and new funding models

David Cheruiyot is currently a part-time lecturer at the Department of Geography, Media and Communication (GMK). He is mainly involved in teaching and examination in two courses at the bachelor’s and master’s level: Data, Power and Ethics (MKGB92) as well as Planning and Communicating an IS Research Project (ISAD22). David completed his PhD under the Ander Centre for Research on News and Opinion in the Digital Era (NODE) that is part of Geomedia Research Group. His PhD dissertation examined criticisms of the mainstream media in digital spaces and their implications to journalistic practice. His research interests revolve around the intervention of non-journalistic actors in news production/practice. He has a specific interest in critics of legacy media as well as peripheral actors in journalism, especially non-profits and civic tech organizations. He has published works in Digital Journalism, Journalism Practice and the International Journal of Communication that address the following areas: popular media criticism, data journalism, fact-checking, media representation, among others. David has won several top paper awards, including the Stuart Hall Prize (IAMCR 2018).

Abit Hoxha is a researcher at the Institute of Nordic and Media Studies at University of Agder in Norway. He is currently working on his PhD titled Conflict News Production at LMU Munich, Germany where he is focusing on comparing journalistic news production in Western Balkans, Middle East and Great Lakes through reconstructing news coverage with journalists to find out influences on news production and how news comes into being. He holds a MSc from Durham Global Security Institute at Durham University in UK as well as an MA on Journalism from the Kosovo Institute of Journalism and Communication and BA degree in Political Science from the University of Prishtina.

Abeer Saady is currently working on her PhD. She has severeal years with experiences as a war correspondent, researcher, media consultant and trainer, with 27 years of professional experience in conflict zones within the Middle East and Africa, including conflicts in Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Tunis, Yemen, Thailand, Philippines and Pakistan. Abeer has trained hundreds of journalists and managed numerous projects in crisis and war-torn regions, all of them devoted to the promotion of ethical, quality journalism and safety of journalists.

Hanan Badr holds an interim professorship at the Free University in Berlin. She has a secondary appointment as an assistant professor at Department of Journalism at Cairo University. Her profile lies at the intersection of journalism & media studies; political communication and area studies with a focus on the Arab region. Her latest project “Journalism in Transformation” investigates how the political and technological ruptures affected the journalism practices in post-Arab Spring Egypt. In her previous project “Media, Functions in Transition”, funded by the German Research Council DFG, she compared the interplay between the new media and the overlooked ‘old’ media in building the agenda for marginalized publics in North Africa before the 2011 uprisings.


Masduki is a full time lecturer of Communication Department, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Currently, he pursuing doctoral degree at the Institute of Communication Studies and Media Research (IfKW) University of Munich, Germany. Student No. 11407509. He is temporary living in Cologne, German. His research interests are journalism, public media policy and governance, comparative of media system, alternative media. He was radio journalist and serving for the Alliance of Independent Journalist as Chairman of AJI Yogyakarta chapter (2002-2004) and member of National Ethic Council (2008-2017). During 2010-2013, he was a Program Director of the National Headquarters of RRI, Jakarta.

John Babu Koyye is an Assistant Professor and presently Coordinator of the Department of Convergent Journalism, Central University of Kashmir (CUK),Jammu and Kashmir, India. He has been teaching media studies to Post Graduation programmes for the last 9 years. He is the founder and the Editor-in-Chief of “International Journal of Communication & Social Research”(, publishing from Srinagar, India. He published 30 papers in reputed journals and fourbooksto his credit. His current edited volume on Media and Human Rights in Jammu and Kashmiris in press. Johnhas been the principal investigator for CUK supported minor research project tittle: Working of Media managers and Journalists in Conflict Zone: A case study of Kashmir.

Daniela Osvald Ramos (PhD), Journalist, Professor and researcher of Communication Technologies at School of Communications and Arts of University of São Paulo (USP). Published  PhD thesis in 2016: “The expansion of journalism for the numerical environment” and, recently, the papers “Access to Facebook data and independent journalism in Latin America” (2018), co-authored with Egle Müller Spinelli and Mario Arruda, “An Innovative Formation in the Education and Communication Interface: aspects of the bachelor degree in Educommunication at School of Communications and Arts”, (2018), co-authored with Maria Cristina Palma Mungioli and Claudemir Edson Viana ”,“ The influence of the algorithm ”and “ Numeric violence and its modeling: initial mapping” (2017). Currently member of two projects: audiovisual literacy for children and youngers in public schools, with journalism professors at USP and algorithm-mediated violence, in Center for the Study of Violence at USP.

Kriti Bhujufrom Nepal is a doctoral candidate at the Institute of Communication Studies at Communication University of China. She is a former journalist and worked in an English daily in Nepal for six years. She also worked as a development communicator and worked to formulate the communication strategies. Kriti has received a presidential award for being the University topper during her graduate studies. She holds a Master’sdegree from University of Dhaka under the Norwegian agency for Development (NORAD) scholarship.



Ivan Lukanda is a trainer. He holds a Master of Arts in Journalism and Communication from a sandwich programme between Makerere University and Orebro University in Sweden. He has taught communication research methods, media ethics, communication theories, development communication, specialized journalism and foundational courses in journalism since 2009. He also taught broadcast techniques, broadcast presentation and broadcast drama at Daystar University in Nairobi-Kenya as a Unesco visiting scholar in 2013. He is involved in developing communication strategies for both local and international organizations.

Fred Kakooza is an Assistant Lecturer at the department of Journalism and Communication, Makerere University, where he also coordinates online content. He is a visiting lecturer to University of Juba, National University of Rwanda, and Islamic University in Uganda. He holds a Masters in Journalism and Communication and a Bachelors degree in Mass Communication (Hons) from Makerere University. His masters study investigated ‘the influence of business priorities on content in the broadcast media situated in the political economy of the media.

Anne Hege Simonsen is a Norwegian social anthropologist and journalist. Simonsen has worked as a journalist in NRK and Klassekampen, she has been the editor of Ny Tid and Verdensmagasinet X and is now an associate professor of journalism at Oslo and Akershus University College.

Ellen Hofsvang

Mesut Coşkun graduated from the Department of Tourism Management, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Çukurova University. Showing success in TRT Exams, the author stepped into the communication-media industry in 1992 and worked for various national and international television channels and agencies for twenty two years. The author finished his master’s studies with his thesis titled, The Examples of CNN and Al Jazeera in Terms of War And Peace Journalism: Discourse Analysis of War News DuringThe Second Gulf War” at the Department of Radio, Cinema, and Television, Faculty of Communication, Kocaeli University in 2011. The author finished his doctoral studies in Communication Sciences in June 2016 with his thesis titled “The Political Economy ofNews Production: Working Life of Reporters and Cameramen in Turkey” and currently works as a faculty member at the Faculty of Communication in Tirebolu, Giresun University.

Elisabeth Saad, researcher and consultant in digital communications and media, senior lecturer and professor at the School of Communications and Arts at USP – University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Gifty Appiah-Adj, University of Education, Winneba






Nermeen Al Azrak, is associate professor in Journalism Department at faculty of Mass Communication, Cairo University. Her main interests are media legislations and media ethics, Journalists’ safety, Journalists’ rights and responsibilities, media and society, social media and Arab media. For more than 15 years she has been teaching curriculum of media laws and ethicsfocusing on journalists’ rights and responsibilities. She participated in official meetings of Egyptian Journalists’ Syndicate for discussing journalists’ rights and Syndicate’s law. She worked as coordinator for specialized diploma of media laws and ethics. Recently, April, 2019 she won the prize of “Best research” in the 25th international conference of Faculty of Mass Communication, Cairo University for her work on developing media teaching-Newmethods and new targets in the digital age.

Rabia Noor is an international award winning broadcast journalist, writer and video blogger based in Lahore, Pakistan. She is a research scholar, and has presented her research paper in the International Conference on Women, Media and Transnational Perspectives Conference 2018 and recently she presented her paper ‘Female TV Journalists Defying Gendered Newsroom Culture’ in the Academic Conference on International Press Freedom Day 2019 grand event in Addis Ababa organized by UNESCO. She has also participated as opening panel speaker in the first Mobile Journalism Conference 2019 in Asia, held in Bangkok. She has been working with media industry for 12 years. Right now, she is working in a mainstream news channel in Pakistan, ARY News, as a special correspondent and producer. Previously she has worked for a news channel Waqt News, as a reporter and a newspaper The Post as an In-charge for Infotainment desk. Rabia will be receiving her Doctorate degree in media studies, this year.

Andrea Cancino Borbon, Universidad del Norte – Barranquilla, Colombia, Comunicación Social y Periodismo, Adjunct.

Barış Çoban is a Professor in the Communication Sciences Department, Doğuş University, Turkey. He call himself an activist-academic. His research interests include alternative (new) media, new social movements, surveillance and journalism safety. He edited the book“Social Media and Social Movements” (Lexington, 2015) and co-edited the books “Alternative Media in Turkey” (Kafka, 2015), “Panopticon 2.0: Alternative Media and Counter-Surveillance” and co-authored research articles: ‘The Gezi Resistance and Activist Citizen Reporters’ published by De Gruyter’s Communications journal in Vol. 42, issue 1, in March 2017; ‘How safe is it? Being an Activist Citizen Journalist in Turkey’ published in an edited book titled ‘The Assault on Journalism’ (Carlsson & Pöyhtari, 2017) by Nordicom and ‘Counter-surveillance and alternative new media in Turkey’ published by Taylor & Francis’s Information, Communication and Society journal in Vol. 21, issue 7, in March 2018.

Bora Ataman is a Professor of Communication Sciences at Arts & Sciences Faculty, Dogus University. He is currently studying on topics such as activist citizen journalism, media activism and counter-surveillance, and journalism safety. Recent co-authored research articles include; ‘The Gezi Resistance and Activist Citizen Reporters’ published by De Gruyter’s Communications journal in Vol. 42, issue 1, in March 2017; ‘How safe is it? Being an Activist Citizen Journalist in Turkey’ published in an edited book titled ‘The Assault on Journalism’ (Carlsson & Pöyhtari, 2017) by Nordicom and ‘Counter-surveillance and alternative new media in Turkey’ published by Taylor & Francis’s Information, Communication and Society journal in Vol. 21, issue 7, in March 2018.

Thomas Hughes joined ARTICLE 19 as Executive Director. He is the founder and former Director of the social purpose enterprises, Diversity and For the past two decades Thomas has worked on human rights and media development issues, including as Deputy Director of International Media Support (IMS) between 2005 and 2010, as well as previously for the United Nations, European Commission and Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). He is a member of the UK Foreign Secretary’s Independent Advisory Group on Human Rights and an Independent Governor of the Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD).

Farid Abudheir

Hanadi Dwikat

Umaru Pate, Dean at School of Postgraduate Studies, Bayero University, Kano